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CULTURAL TOUR ALONG THE YELLOW RIVER

Y ellow River is the second-longest river in China and the fifth-longest in the world at the estimated length of 5,464 km. It has a basin area of about 795,000 km2. Shaped like the Chinese character “几 (Ji)”, it is originated from Maqu of the Yueguzonglie Basin at the northern foot of Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai Province, and flows through nine provinces and regions from west to east, namely, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan and Shandong, and finally empties into the Bohai Sea. Mountain land dominates the upper and middle reaches of Yellow River while plains and hills cover most of the lower reaches. It is the river carrying with the most sand in the world as it carries a large amount of mud and sand when it flows through the middle section of Loess Plateau Region of China. In Chinese history, however, Yellow River and river basins along it have exerted huge influence on human civilization, and it is also the main cradle of the Chinese nation, as a result of which it is called by Chinese people as the “Mother River”. There are abundant tourism resources along the Yellow River, and in particular, in four provinces including Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan and Shandong along the Yellow River, which boast rich historical and cultural heritages. Along the river, there are lots of scenic areas such as Yellow River Museum, Huayuankou, Hukou Waterfall, Hougang Site, Liuwan Cemetery, Beishouling Site, Dahe Village Ruins, Ancient City Site at Pingliangtai, Miaodigou Site, Taosi Site, Laoguantai Culture, Jiahu Site, Yangshao Culture, Hualouzi Site, Henan Longshan Culture, Xishuipo Site, Dadiwan Site, Sanmenxia Plank Road Site, Yuanjunmiao Cemetery, Jiangzhai Site, Banpo Site, Peiligang Culture, Fenglingdu, Xizhufeng Cemetery, Dawenkou Culture and Dawenkou Site.