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SICHUAN
四川

S ichuan, known as Bashu in ancient times, is a land of abundance and full of nature bestows, thus gaining the reputation as “the Essence of the Landscape in the world.” Sichuan has a profound history and magnificent culture. The numerous heritage resources include the irrigation works, folk houses of the ancient town, the former residences of the celebrities, temples of Buddhism and Taoism, carving paintings and modern art museums, spanning through prehistorical times, the Three Kingdom Period, Han Dynasty and Tang Dynasty, Earlier Shu and Latter Shu, Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

S ichuan, known as Bashu in ancient times, is a land of abundance and full of nature bestows, thus gaining the reputation as “the Essence of the Landscape in the world.” Sichuan has a profound history and magnificent culture. The numerous heritage resources include the irrigation works, folk houses of the ancient town, the former residences of the celebrities, temples of Buddhism and Taoism, carving paintings and modern art museums, spanning through prehistorical times, the Three Kingdom Period, Han Dynasty and Tang Dynasty, Earlier Shu and Latter Shu, Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty. The Golden Sunbird unearthed at Jinsha is identified as the symbol of Chinese cultural relics. According to the historical records, as one of the largest ethnic provinces in China Sichuan has been the cradle for dozens of ethnical groups which inhabited, grew, multiplied and exchanged there. Sichuan covers a total area of more than 485,000 km2 with a population of 81,380,000.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

L ocated within the eastern longitude range of 97?21′ to 108?33′ and the northern latitude range of 26?03′ to 34?19′, the hinterland of southwestern China, the upper course of the Yangtze river, Sichuan spans 1075 kilometers from east to west and 921 kilometers from north to south, with eastern border 51 minutes time ahead of western border.

S ichuan province share borders with seven provinces and municipalities, including Chongqing to the east, Qinghai, Gansu, and Shanxi to the north, Yunnan and Guizhou to the south, and Tibet to the west, hence an essential link of southwest, northwest and central China, and also an important intersection and a traffic carridor for central and southern China to connect southwest and northwest, and for central Asia to communicate with south and southeast Asia.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

L ocated in the monsoon climate zone, Sichuan is this place is controlled by the dry and cold air in winter, resulting in few rainfall and arid climate. However, in summer, there is plenty of rainfall as the land is influenced by warm and humid airflow. The rain season starts in April and ends in October on the East of Sichuan Basin, while it lasts from May to September on the West of Sichuan Basin, and May to October in the north central of Panxi region. The major part of Sichuan Province benefits from an average annual rainfall of some 1000 mm. The average temperature is 5-8?C in January, 25-29?C?C in July, thus 15-19?C throughout the year. All the year round the frost-free season of Sichuan lasts about 280-300 days.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

S ichuan is renowned as a cultural state with splendid resources and outstanding people. It is geographically located at the junction that links up the east and west, the south and north, enabling Sichuan to take in the essence of different ethnic groups and to facilitate the intercommunications of cultures across China. Thanks to the civilization developed at Yangtse River and Yellow River basin, Sichuan has cultivated its own splendid culture. Sichuan has always been a cradle of talents and great men in the long run of Chinese history. They were either born or brought up in Sichuan, or they came to take office or paid a visit in Sichuan. A large number of relics or monuments turned out to be well-preserved on which famous essays and poems are carved. Buddhism plays a very important role in terms of the religion in Sichuan. As the main religious beliefs are Buddhism and Taoism, a relativity large part of the historical relics include thousands of well-preserved temples.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

S ichuan is a delight to tour all year round. Apart from seasonal factors, some major events should be considered during trip planning. The best season for touring Sichuan is spring, particularly Feburary and March when the fantastic Longchi Ice & Snow Festival is ongoing. Early June is also a good time as festivals such as Huanglong Temple Fair, being held then, are lively and should not be missed. During the rainy season from April to October, road damage or obstruction may occur after heavy rain, casuing travel delays, people should thus pay attention to traffic information to avoid unnecesary trouble. The weather in Sichuan can be complicated, so people should check weather forecasts before they go and take an umbrella if necessary. On the whole, it is better to visit Sichuan in the period from October to next April when it is at its most beautiful when maple leaves in Jiuzhaigou become dazzling attracting tourists to come every year.

CULTURE