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LIAONING
遼寧

L iaoning Province, called “Liao” for short, with Shenyang as its capital, is composed of 14 prefecture-level cities, including two sub-provincial cities Shenyang and Dalian. Situated in the northeast of China, Liaoning is adjacent to Bohai Sea and Huanghai Sea in the south and bordered to the vast industrial base in the north. With many coastal cities and ports, Liaoning is provided with convenient transportation, ranking second in the country after Jiangsu. As the only coastal province in the northeast of China, Liaoning is one of the earliest opened up cities in modern times, one of the birthplaces of Chinese nation and Chinese civilization and the cradle of industry development in China. It is honored as “the eldest son of the People’s Republic of China” and “the Oriental Ruhr”. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

L iaoning Province, called “Liao” for short, with Shenyang as its capital, is composed of 14 prefecture-level cities, including two sub-provincial cities Shenyang and Dalian. Situated in the northeast of China, Liaoning is adjacent to Bohai Sea and Huanghai Sea in the south and bordered to the vast industrial base in the north. With many coastal cities and ports, Liaoning is provided with convenient transportation, ranking second in the country after Jiangsu. As the only coastal province in the northeast of China, Liaoning is one of the earliest opened up cities in modern times, one of the birthplaces of Chinese nation and Chinese civilization and the cradle of industry development in China. It is honored as “the eldest son of the People’s Republic of China” and “the Oriental Ruhr”.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

L ocated in the southern part of the Chinese northeast, Liaoning Province is the important economic integration zone of the Chinese northeast and of the Bohai coastal regions. It is located from 118.53 to 125.46 degrees east longitude and from 38.43 to 43.26 degrees north latitude. It stretches about 550 kilometers both from the east to the west and from the south to the north. The entire Liaoning Province covers a territory of 145,900 square kilometers, taking 1.5% of the Chinese territory.

L iaoning Province borders Jilin Province in the northeast, the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region in the northwest, Hebei Province in the southwest, and is separated from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea by the Yalujiang River. It also has the Bohai and Huanghai Sea on the southern frontier. Liaoning is the important transportation center which connects the further Northeastern region to the Chinese inner land. It is also the portal that connects the Northeastern region and Inner Mongolia to the world and the Eurasia continental bridge.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

S ituated in the east of Eurasia at the middle latitude, Liaoning features a continental temperate monsoon climate. With hot rainy season, abundant sunshine and high cumulative temperature, Liaoning is distinct in four seasons with long winter and hot summer, and short spring and autumn. The precipitation is uneven with heavy rainfall in the east and aridity in the west.

T he total sunshine amount of Liaoning Province is between 100 and 200 calorie/cm2 and the sunshine duration is between 2100 and 2600 hours with Chaoyang District the most as 2861 hours and Dandong District the least as 2120 hours. During the four seasons, the sunshine is insufficient in spring, early summer and winter and sufficient in later summer and autumn, especially in the area of Jinshitan lidos. The annual average temperature is between 7 and 11℃ with the lowest of -30℃ and the highest of 30℃ and the extremely highest of some 40℃.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

T he Great Yangko is a folk dance formed in the Ming and Qing Dynasties and originates from the traditional northeast yangko in the Tang Dynasty. It was performed by folk artists on the street to make a living at that time. Gradually, the Great Yangko has become a recreational activity performed in festivals or temple fairs. There are marriage customs of visiting the bride’s parents three days and seven days after wedding.

A fter the wedding ceremony, the bride is given two flagons when she enters the bridal chamber. She must put them on the window of her room and takes them to her parents’ home on the third day of her wedding, which is called “Huijiu”. However, she must return to her new family that day. She could stay for one night when she pays another visit on the seventh day after the wedding. The traditional marriage customs of Manchus are as follows: when the children reach the age of eighteen, the parents begin to make arrangement for their marriage.

T he first thing they are going to do is to make sure their children’s birth dates and the eight characters of the horoscope are matched, and then accompanied by a middle-man, the parents of two sides pay a visit to each other’ house. If they are mutually satisfied, the engagement of their children would be made. Galaha, also named Zhuaguai, is a traditional game played by Manchu girls. Guai is a small knucklebone from a pig, a sheep or a deer. It is said that playing with Guai could make Manchu girls’ hands become more flexible and help them become good at needlework.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

L iaoning Province is the perfect tourist destination throughout the year. September to November is the best time for photographers, who would love to shoot the red leaves and the Red Beach. December to February is the best time to enjoy the crystal and shinny world of the snow. April in Liaoning is the best month to appreciate the color and scent of the apricot and peach blossoms. July and August are the best months to have a leisurely time by the azure blue sea. With the influence of the monsoon, travelers are suggested to bring vests and light sweaters with them during spring and autumn. They may also need to watch out for rains during summer. Due to low temperatures in winter, travelers are suggested to wear cotton, leather or down jackets to keep warm. The period from May to October is the best time to travel around Liaoning. January and February are the best months to visit the snow and ice landscape, and to experience the local festive atmosphere during the Spring Festival. Travelers are not suggested to visit Liaoning during July, August and September if they want to feast on seafood, for the sea will be closed during this time.

CULTURE