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JIANGXI
江西

J iangxi Province, Gan for short, is located in the south riverbank of the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River, the southeast of China. Near Zhejiang Province and Fujian Province in the east, connecting with Guangdong Province in the south, and adjacent to Hunan Province in the west, Jiangxi connects with the Yangtze River next to Hubei Province and Anhui Province in the north. Jiangxi Province has its name after the Jiangnanxi Circuit was established by Emperor Xuanzong of Tang in A.D. 733. Meanwhile, the Ganjiang River consisting of Zhang River and Gong River crosses the whole territory of Jiangxi Province, so Jiangxi Province is named as Gan for short. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

J iangxi Province, Gan for short, is located in the south riverbank of the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River, the southeast of China. Near Zhejiang Province and Fujian Province in the east, connecting with Guangdong Province in the south, and adjacent to Hunan Province in the west, Jiangxi connects with the Yangtze River next to Hubei Province and Anhui Province in the north. Jiangxi Province has its name after the Jiangnanxi Circuit was established by Emperor Xuanzong of Tang in A.D. 733. Meanwhile, the Ganjiang River consisting of Zhang River and Gong River crosses the whole territory of Jiangxi Province, so Jiangxi Province is named as Gan for short.

W ang Bo, the poet in Tang Dynasty, said in his famous poem, Preface to Pavilion of Prince Teng, that Jiangxi was a land with “abundant resources and great talents”. Indeed, Jiangxi Province with green mountains and blue water is a place gathering talents. There are many scenic spots in this mysterious land and abundant cultural relics. Moreover, national scenic spots including Lushan Mountain, Jinggang Mountain, Sanqing Mountain, and Longhu Mountain are well known by the world. Besides, Jinggang Mountain, the cradle of Chinese revolution, is also located here. As to the dramatic Lushan Mountain, Li Bai once created the poetic masterpiece through the ages, “Its torrent dashes down three thousand feet from high, as if the Silver River fell from azure sky.” As to the dignified Jingdezhen, the westerners regard the china here as the pronoun of China; in the Jinggang Mountain full of green bamboos, Guo Moruo, the contemporary literary giant, once sighed with emotion, “after I climb Jinggang Mountain, I need not visit other mountains.”

T he characteristic tours in Jiangxi Province mainly include: Chinese Porcelain Archaeological Tour, Former Residences of Cultural Celebrities Tour, Revolutionary Tradition Investigation Tour, and Taoist Pilgrimage Tour. Jiangxi Province is hailed as a place with “abundant resources and great talents”. It has elegant mountains and rivers and beautiful sceneries. In history, it gathers numerous talents and prosperous religions. Places of interest and Taoist temples are scattered through the whole city. Jiangxi Province is surrounded by mountains in three sides. There are 4 national scenic spots including Lushan Mountain, Jinggang Mountain, Sanqing Mountain, and Longhu Mountain. Jiangxi Province has a long history and numerous famous mountains and temples. It has 2 national famous historical and cultural cities such as Nanchang and Jingdezhen. It has 11 national key cultural relic protection sites, and 2406 provincial scenic spots and scenic areas.

I n addition, it has Poyang Lake National Reserve. National key cultural relic protection sites include Shangrao Concentration Camp and Goose Lake Academy in Qianshan (4 academies in Jiangxi Province of Song Dynasty) and Xin Qiji’s Tomb in Qianshan of Song Dynasty. Jiangxi Province can be divided into 5 tourist regions: Triangle Tourist Region in North Jiangxi, Tourist Region in West Jiangxi, Tourist Region in South Jiangxi, and Tourist Region in East and Northeast Jiangxi. Lushan Mountain, the famous summer resort, is located in the south of Jiujiang. Donglin Temple in the northwest of Lushan Mountain (constructed in 381 A.D.) is the cradle of Pure-land School of Chinese Buddhism. Gantang Lake in the downtown consists of spring water from Lushan Mountain, where the water is green and the scenery is beautiful. The Yanshui Pavilion in the lake is the architecture in the beginning of the 9th century.

B esides, Jiujiang also has the Dragon Palace Cave in Pengze County, which is hailed as “natural underground art palace”, and has famous scenic spots including Xunyang Tower and Pipa Pavilion. The Museum of August 1 Nanchang Uprising in the downtown of Nanchang is the general headquarters of Nanchang Armed Uprising of August 1, 1927. The Pavilion of Prince Teng is located in the northern part of the downtown (one of three famous towers). Zhu Da’s memorial hall (Suchu Freehand School in Late Ming and Early Qing Dynasties) (about 1616 – 1705) is located in southern suburbs. Meiling in the western suburbs, which is usually named as “Small Lushan Mountain”, is also the ideal place to prevent sunstroke.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

J iangxi is located within the northern latitude range of 24°7′ to 29°9′ and the eastern longitude range of 114°02′ to 118°28′. Jiangxi has an excellent geographic location, near Zhejiang and Fujian to the east, connected with Guangdong to the south, bordering on Hunan to the west, adjacent to Hubei and Anhui to the north facing the Yangtze River together. Except the flat northern area in the north, Jiangxi is surrounded by mountains to the east, to the south, and to the west. In the middle, hills go up and down, forming a huge basin leaning toward Poyang Lake with a mouth toward the north on the whole.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

I n Jiangxi Province, the spring arrives and gets warm early. However, the weather is changing. After suddenly getting warmer, the weather has turned cold again. Jiangxi Province has frequent rainfall until the beginning of summer. It’s sunny, hot, and dry between midsummer and Mid-Autumn Festival. The winter is gloomy and cold, but with a short frost period. Especially, mild winter climate is obvious in recent years. Since Jiangxi Province has a narrow and long territory, the climate difference between the south and the north is great. However, in general, spring and autumn are short, and summer and winter are long.

T he whole province is warm with abundant sunshine and rainfall. The annual average temperature of Jiangxi Province is 18?C. The annual average temperature in northeast Jiangxi, southwest Jiangxi, and seacoast of the Yangtze River is slightly lower, about 16?C to 17 ?C. The annual average temperature in Binhu, middle and lower reaches of Ganjiang River, Fuhe River, Yuanshui River, and hilly area of southwest Jiangxi is about 17?C to 18 ?C. The annual average temperature in Fuzhou, southern part of Ji’an region, and middle reaches of Xinjiang River is about 18?C to 19?C. The temperature in the basin of south Jiangxi is the highest, about 19?C to 20?C. The difference of extremely highest temperatures between the south and the north in the province is not great in a year. Or, there is even a phenomenon that temperature in the northern part is higher, and the temperature in the southern part is lower.

H owever, the extremely highest temperatures are almost close to or beyond 40?C. In individual counties and districts, the highest temperature once reached 44.9?C. Nevertheless, the extremely lowest temperatures have great difference between the north and the south. The temperature for most regions of Jiujiang is between -12?C to -14?C. In certain counties and districts, there was even extremely lowest value of -18.9?C. The temperature in south Jiangxi is about -5?C. The temperature of other regions in this province is commonly between -7?C to -12?C.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

J iangxi Province, Gan for short, has its name after the Jiangnanxi Circuit which was established by Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty in 733 A.D. In addition, Jiangxi is also named of the largest river, Ganjiang River. In the Republic of China era, prefectures, states, and bureaus of Qing Dynasty were changed into counties. Jiangxi Province governed 81 counties. In 1926, when the Northern Expeditionary Army entered Nanchang, Nanchang City was set up officially. In 1934, Wuyuan County of Anhui Province was included in Jiangxi Province.

I n 1947, Wuyuan County was included in Anhui Province again. In 1949, Wuyuan County was again included in Jiangxi Province. In the Second Revolutionary Civil War, the Communist Party of China led people to set up a large area of revolutionary bases in Jiangxi Province. The famous revolutionary base includes West Jiangxi Jinggang Mountain Revolutionary Base (including 3 counties such as Ninggang, Yongxin, Lianhua, and Ji’an, Anfu, Suichuan, and a part of Lingxian of Hunan Province), Hunan-Jiangxi Revolutionary Base, Northeast Jiangxi Revolutionary Base including Yiyang, Hengfeng, Guixi, Dexing, Yujiang, Wannian, Shangrao, and Yanshan. It later developed into Fujian-Zhejiang-Jiangxi Revolutionary Base, and Hunan-Hubei-Jiangxi Revolutionary Base consisting of counties such as Tonggu, Xiushui, Wanzai, and Yifeng.

T he Central Revolutionary Base Area at that time included 21 counties in south Jiangxi and west Fujian (including 11 counties such as Ruijin, Anyuan, Xinfeng, Guangchang, Shicheng, Lichuan, Ningdu, Xingguo, Yudu, Huichang, Xunwu in Jiangxi Province). Temporary central government of Chinese Soviet Republic was located in Ruijin. Thus, Ruijin is named as red capital. Yiyang opera is an ancient Chinese opera, Yi opera for short. When the southern opera of Song Dynasty and Yuan Dynasty transferred to Yiyang of Jiangxi Province at that time, the southern opera is combined with local dialect, folk music, and northern music to form the Yi opera. Yiyang opera, Kunshan opera, Yuyao opera, and Haiyan opera are together called 4 operas.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

T he climate features of Jiangxi is a cold spring, a hot summer, a dry autumn, a cold winter, distinct seasons, a short spring and autumn, a long summer and winter; spring and summer are best travel seasons. 1. Spring: everything has gone green. The beautiful Wuyuan is dotted with numerous cauliflowers. Being the greatest watching focus of Wuyuan tourism, the yellow flowers are in full bloom in the warm sunshine. Wuyuan of this period becomes a colorful sea. The idyllic scenery painted in red, yellow, green, black, white, blue, brow, and grey is against the blue sky and white clouds. 2. Late Spring and Early Summer: in late spring and early summer, the famous rhododendrons are in full bloom on Jinggang Mountain. The red sunset glow dyes the holy place of revolution in red. The blooming rhododendrons face the blue sky and paint red the 500-Li Jinggang Mountain, leading to the grand scenery in this red holy land. 3. Summer: summer is the best time for tourists to spend a holiday at the summer resort and enjoy the sightseeing of the Lushan Waterfall. The weather is cool and comfortable. The peaks around Xiu Peak are elegant and beautiful additions to the exquisite scenery, which fully presents the grand landscape of “Its torrent dashes down three thousand feet from high; As if the Silver River were falling from the azure sky.” Besides, it rains frequently on Mount Lushan in summer, so please prepare rain gear and clothing (it is cool in the morning and night on Mount Lushan).

CULTURE