J iangsu, the biggest province of China, is called “Su” for short and located on China’s east coast. In 1667, it was established because of the east-and-west separation of Jiangnan Administration Commission. The name of the province is the abbreviation of the “Provincial Administration Commission that administrates Jiangnan covering Jiangning, Huaian, Yangzhou, Xuzhou, Haizhou and Tongzhou” and the “Provincial Administration Commission that administrates Jiangnan covering Suzhou, Songjiang, Changshu, Zhenjiang and Taicang”. Located on the coast, Jiangsu is a place of rivers, enjoying prosperous economy, advanced education and flourishing culture. As a province crossing the south and north of the Yangtze River and Huaihe River, it possesses the cultural and geographical features of 4 regions including Kingdom of Wu, Jinling, Huaiyang and Central Plain. The ancient Kingdom of Xu in the Central Plain went through 3 dynasties including Xia, Shang and Zhou. For over 1,000 years, the people in the Kingdom of Xu created brilliant Xu Culture, forming unsophisticated folk custom of the Kingdom of Xu. The glorious history and brilliant culture of the Kingdom of Xu glow constantly like a shining gemstone. The history of the Kingdom of Xu in the Huaihe River Basin and the history of the Kingdom of Wu in the Yangtze River Basin together constitute the ancient history of Jiangsu. The Xu Culture, Wu Culture and the culture in the transition regions of Xu and Wu make up the ancient culture of Jiangsu. Jiangsu is the birthplace of Chinese Wu Culture and a place where people inhabited several hundred thousand years ago. Over 6,000 years ago, the original villages appeared near the Taihu Lake, Xuzhou and Hongze Lake, where the primitive agricultural production started. Over 3,000 years ago, the smelting and forging technology of bronze wares in Jiangsu had reached a high level.