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JIANGSU
江蘇

J iangsu, the biggest province of China, is called “Su” for short and located on China’s east coast. In 1667, it was established because of the east-and-west separation of Jiangnan Administration Commission. The name of the province is the abbreviation of the “Provincial Administration Commission that administrates Jiangnan covering Jiangning, Huaian, Yangzhou, Xuzhou, Haizhou and Tongzhou” and the “Provincial Administration Commission that administrates Jiangnan covering Suzhou, Songjiang, Changshu, Zhenjiang and Taicang”. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

J iangsu, the biggest province of China, is called “Su” for short and located on China’s east coast. In 1667, it was established because of the east-and-west separation of Jiangnan Administration Commission. The name of the province is the abbreviation of the “Provincial Administration Commission that administrates Jiangnan covering Jiangning, Huaian, Yangzhou, Xuzhou, Haizhou and Tongzhou” and the “Provincial Administration Commission that administrates Jiangnan covering Suzhou, Songjiang, Changshu, Zhenjiang and Taicang”. Located on the coast, Jiangsu is a place of rivers, enjoying prosperous economy, advanced education and flourishing culture. As a province crossing the south and north of the Yangtze River and Huaihe River, it possesses the cultural and geographical features of 4 regions including Kingdom of Wu, Jinling, Huaiyang and Central Plain. The ancient Kingdom of Xu in the Central Plain went through 3 dynasties including Xia, Shang and Zhou. For over 1,000 years, the people in the Kingdom of Xu created brilliant Xu Culture, forming unsophisticated folk custom of the Kingdom of Xu. The glorious history and brilliant culture of the Kingdom of Xu glow constantly like a shining gemstone. The history of the Kingdom of Xu in the Huaihe River Basin and the history of the Kingdom of Wu in the Yangtze River Basin together constitute the ancient history of Jiangsu. The Xu Culture, Wu Culture and the culture in the transition regions of Xu and Wu make up the ancient culture of Jiangsu. Jiangsu is the birthplace of Chinese Wu Culture and a place where people inhabited several hundred thousand years ago. Over 6,000 years ago, the original villages appeared near the Taihu Lake, Xuzhou and Hongze Lake, where the primitive agricultural production started. Over 3,000 years ago, the smelting and forging technology of bronze wares in Jiangsu had reached a high level.

F rom 3rd to 6th century, Nanjing had become the economic and cultural center of south China. After the 7th to 10th century, Chinese economic center moved southward, hence the saying “the economy of China depends on Jiangnan”. Then Yangzhou became an important hub for the communication of the south and north. After the 14th century to the middle of the 17th century, Suzhou had become the most prosperous city of industry and commerce and the cultural center in the nation, and places including Nanjing and Suzhou had become the birthplace of capitalism germination in China. In the late years of the 19th century, modern industries including silk weaving, silk reeling, textile, flour and coal mining had successively emerged in Wuxi, Suzhou and Changzhou, and the textile industry of Suzhou had enjoyed the world-known reputation. Jiangsu is endowed with not only rich tourism resources but also plenty of historic sites. Based on the Yangtze River, the Grand Canal, the Taihu Lake and the coast, Jiangsu has developed unique tourism resources of “taking the water as the major elements and being well-known for the mountain-water group”. The tourism attractions of Jiangsu include renowned tourist resorts such as the historical site of 6 dynasties, Classical Gardens of Suzhou, landscape of the Taihu Lake, Bamboo Sea of Yixing, historic relics of Qin and Han dynasties in Xuzhou, mountains and waters in the seaside city Lianyungang, plain landscape of Huai’an, beautiful scenes of water town Zhouzhuang. Not only abundant humanistic landscape resources but also magnificent natural landscape with the combination of mountains, rivers and the sky can be found in Jiangsu, Abundant tourism resources of mountains, rivers, holes and springs are available here.

V isitors traveling here can enjoy such sceneries: the Yangtze River flowing from the west to the east; the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal crossing the southern and northern parts of China; the vast and misty Taihu Lake and Hongze Lake; picturesque and delicate Slender West Lake; Xuanwu Lake; Yunlong Lake as well as Langshan Mountain; Jinshan Mountain; Beigu Mountain along the Yangtze River and the magnificent Zijin Mountain as well as the mysterious Mountain of Flowers and Fruits; the fantastic Shanjuan Hole, Zhanggong Hole, Linggu Hole, Muli Hole, and Xishi Hole; Zhongling Spring (Zhenjiang), Huishan Spring (Wuxi), Tangshan Spring, Jiangpu Hot Spring and Pukou Pearl Spring.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

J iangsu Province is located in the center of east coast of mainland China, at 116°18′E-121°57′E, 30°45′N-35°20′N, in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, with Yellow Sea to the east, Shanghai and Zhejiang Province to the southeast, Anhui Province to the west, and Shandong Province to the north.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

J iangsu province lies in the transition area of the subtropical zone to the warm temperature zone, and has a moderate climate and rainfall as well as four distinct seasons. The part north of the Huaihe River and the North Jiangsu Irrigation Main Channel boast the semi-humid monsoon climate of the warm temperature zone, and the central and southern parts enjoy a subtropical moist monsoon climate. The rainy season (plum rain season) lasts about 1 month in 10 cities south of the Huaihe River in the early summer each year, and the precipitation during the rainy season accounts for more than a half of the annual precipitation of the areas south of the Huaihe River. No obvious rainy season appears in areas north of the Huaihe River.

T he average temperature of Jiangsu in 2008 is 13.2℃, with a trend of increase from north to south, and the annual precipitation is 782-1,150 mm, with a trend of decline from southeast to northwest. The precipitation in the south is more than that in north, and the precipitation in coastal areas is more than that in inland. The precipitation in Xuzhou and Suqian, the inland areas north of the Huaihe River, is less than 800 mm.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

T he Xu Culture and Wu Culture of ancient times are the representatives from Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties to Western Han and Eastern Han dynasties. Nanjing,??iangsu’s capital, has been called the economic center of south China since 3rd to 6th century, providing solid economic foundation for the formation of Suzhou Culture. Different from the swift and strong economic development, the people of Jiangsu have soft and delicate characters with perseverance.

T he unique culture characteristics and humanistic connotation of Jiangsu, the prosperous place of Chinese culture, can be seen from the elegant cursive of cursive master Zhang Xu, Fan Zhongyan’s patriotic feelings of being concerned about his country and people, Zhu Ziqing’s graceful and peaceful prose as well as Xu Beihong’s unstrained traditional Chinese paintings. Jiangsu not only possesses the culture occupying an important place in the history and modern times of China, but also makes outstanding and irreplaceable contribution to the prosperity of Chinese civilization.

S uzhou embroidery originated from Suzhou City which has been reputed “the heaven on earth”, and then was widely spread and developed in Jiangsu. Early in the Kingdom of Wu during the Spring and Autumn Period about 2000 years ago, Suzhou embroidery was used for clothes according to documentary records. Suzhou embroidery had been mature in Song Dynasty in terms of its techniques and style of and reached the period of great prosperity in Qing Dynasty on both the technique and product output. The Qing government set up producing offices in Nanjing and Suzhou, providing products for the royal family, from which the influence of Suzhou embroidery at that time can be seen. Kunqu Opera, originating from Kunshan of Jiangsu, was called “Kunshanqiang” or “Kunqiang” at the beginning and gradually changed into the current name “Kunqu Opera” in Qing Dynasty.

I t has rich performance forms integrating such art forms as singing, reading, acting, performing, dancing and martial arts demonstration. The tune of Kunqu Opera is lingering, graceful, soft and slow, stressing the control of voice and the pause, transition and speed of the rhythm. There are also strict standards and requirements for the pronunciation in singing.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

T he best time for travelling in Jiangsu Province is spring and autumn. You should try to avoid travelling in Jiangsu Province in hot summer and plum rain season. 1. Spring: spring is the best season in a year, as spring wakes the nature giving a vibrant feeling. Jiangsu is the most beautiful in this season. “I journeyed south to Yangzhou in March, a time when flowers were blooming.” The city mentioned in the sentence is Yangzhou. The famous “China Yangzhou Flowery March” of Yangzhou lasts from April 18 to May 18. During this period, it is rainy and viburnum blossoms, making Yangzhu full of fragrance amid rain. It is the best season to travel in Jiangsu Province. 2. Autumn: autumn is also a good season to travel in Jiangsu Province with clear sky and moderate temperature. You can taste fresh and fat aquatic food of Taihu Lake, and the best juicy peaches of Wuxi. Moreover, it is a season when Zhenjiang City of Jiangsu Province holds the most festivals, such as Nanjing Culture & Art Festival, Nantong International Kite Festival and Suzhou Silk Tour Festival.

CULTURE