H enan Province, “Yu” for short, is located in the central part of China. It was called Central Plains in ancient times. It is located in central and eastern part of China, and in the middle and lower reaches of Yellow River with Zhengzhou as its provincial capital. As the most part of the province lies south of the middle and lower reaches of Yellow River in history, it is called Henan (meaning: south of river). Henan boasts advantageous geographical location, with Shandong and Anhui to the east, Hebei and Shanxi to the north, Shaanxi to the west and Hubei to the south, linking the east to the west and the south to the north. Read More Below.