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HEILONGJIANG
黑龍江

H eilongjiang is the northeastern most province in China. In Heilongjiang Province there are 9 excellent tourism cities, i.e., Harbin, Qiqihar, Mudanjiang, Jiamusi, Daqing, Yichun, Acheng, Suifenhe, Hulin, and Tieli. Natural reserves: There are 15 national-level reserves and 35 provincial-level reserves in all in Heilongjiang. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

H eilongjiang is the northeastern most province in China. In Heilongjiang Province there are 9 excellent tourism cities, i.e., Harbin, Qiqihar, Mudanjiang, Jiamusi, Daqing, Yichun, Acheng, Suifenhe, Hulin, and Tieli. Natural reserves: There are 15 national-level reserves and 35 provincial-level reserves in all in Heilongjiang.

S cenic spots and forest parks: There are 34 major scenic spots in Heilongjiang, among which two scenic spots, i.e., the Wudalianchi and Jingpo Lake Scenic Spots, are National Key Scenic Spots while the remaining 32 are provincial-level ones, including Sun Island, Mingyue Island, Chenxing Island, Xingkai Lake, Lotus Lake, Erlong Mountain, and Peach Mountain. There are also 96 forest parks throughout the province, among which 54 are national-level parks and 42 are provincial-level parks. Most famous among those forest parks are Wuying National Forest Park, Harbin National Forest Park, Ning’an Crater National Forest Park, and Mudanjiang National Forest Park. Ice sculpture has developed into a recognized art form since its emergence in Harbin in the early 1960s and has so far produced a wide-ranging effect. rrenzhuan, a song-and-dance duet popular in the northeast of China, came into being more than 200 years ago.

I t has developed gradually from northeastern China’s yangko and folk songs by learning from and absorbing other performing arts like Lianhualao, Ping Opera, and shadow play, and is especially popular in Jilin and Liaoning and also in Heilongjiang, where the art form has already evolved into a northern version that has its own unique set of features and differs distinctly from the art as practiced in the two provinces to the south. That version features higher exquisiteness and beautiful voices in performances, and wins praise by excellent singing skills. Longjiang Opera is a new operatic art form that has developed from Errenzhuan since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, featuring a strong local flavor.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

T he general topography of Heilongjiang Province is high in the northwest, north and southeast while low in the northeast and southwest. It is mainly composed of mountain ranges, terraces, plains and rivers. The Greater Khingan Range running from the northeast to the southwest lies in the northwest of the province, while in the north is the Lesser Khingan Range running from the northwest to the southeast. Zhangguangcai Mountains, Laoye Mountains and Wanda Mountains running from the northeast to the southwest are located in the southeastern part, occupying 24.7% of the province’s total area.

T he hilly land with an altitude of over 300 meters accounts for 35.8% of the total area. The Sanjiang Plain in the northeast and Songnen Plain in the west of the Heilongjiang Province are the largest part of the Northeast Plain. All the plains in Heilongjiang account for 37.0% of the total area with an altitude of 50 to 200 meters. Heilongjiang is the northeastern most province in China. Heilongjiang borders Russia to the north and east by the Amur River and Ussuri River and borders Inner Mongolia to the west and Jilin in the south. The total area of Heilongjiang is 454,000 square kilometers, which is the largest among the three provinces in the northeast of China.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

L ocated in the east of the Eurasia and west coast of the Pacific Ocean, Heilongjiang Province is the most northeastern part in China. The temperate continental monsoon climate predominates the province with the annual average temperature between -5℃ and 5℃ mainly. The average frost-free period of the province ranges from 100 to 150 days, and from 140 to 150 days in the south and east of the province. The initial frost season falls in the last ten days in September, and the latest frost season falls in the period from the last ten days in April to the middle ten days in May. The average annual precipitation for the whole province is between 400 mm and 650 mm.

T he mountainous region in the central part of the province has the largest precipitation, the eastern part the second and the west and north the least. All the year round, the rainfall in growing season accounts for 83%~94% of the total. The rainfall is relatively stable, especially in summer, and the changing rate of the rainfall remains low at the rate between 21%~35%. The annual sunshine hours of the whole province are about 2,400 hours to 2,800 hours, among which the sunshine hours in the growing season account for 44%~48%. The western part has more sunshine hours while the eastern part has less. Compared to the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, the province has a relatively resourceful solar radiation with the total annual solar radiation at 44×108 to 50×108 J/m2.

T he south has more solar radiation resources while the north has less, and the summer has the largest amount and the winter has the smallest amount of the solar radiation which accounts for 55%~60% in the growing season. The annual average wind speed is 2 to 4 m/s, with the maximum speed in the spring. The southwest of the province is abundant in the wind energy, for it has the longest duration of the strong wind.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

I ce sculpture has developed into a recognized art form since its emergence in Harbin in the early 1960s and has so far produced a wide-ranging effect. Errenzhuan, a song-and-dance duet popular in the northeast of China, came into being more than 200 years ago. It has developed gradually from northeastern China’s yangko and folk songs by learning from and absorbing other performing arts like Lianhualao, Ping Opera, and shadow play, and is especially popular in Jilin and Liaoning and also in Heilongjiang, where the art form has already evolved into a northern version that has its own unique set of features and differs distinctly from the art as practiced in the two provinces to the south. That version features higher exquisiteness and beautiful voices in performances, and wins praise by excellent singing skills. Longjiang Opera is a new operatic art form that has developed from Errenzhuan since the founding of the People’s Republic Of China, featuring a strong local flavor.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

T he cold winter is the perfect season to travel in Heilongjiang, where you can experience the extreme coldness in nowhere else. You can escape the heat in the hot summer and spend a holiday in the huge forest here to enjoy the rare chance of forest bathing. What’s more, you can also go drifting in clear rivers flowing in these forests. All of them are never polluted, in which you can find cold water fishes. If you boil or bake these fishes, you can image the delicious taste. With clear autumn sky and bracing air, the Greater Khingan Range and Lesser Khingan are so beautiful and colorful that they are called “colorful mountains”. If you have a panoramic view of the Greater Khingan Range and Lesser Khingan, the various kinds of trees are in different colors with the floating clouds. Just bring your digital camera and take pictures. In spring, you can watch the geese in the vast wetlands flying from south to north. With swarms of geese flying by, you can never imagine how magnificent the view is.

CULTURE