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HEBEI
河北

H ebei, Ji for short, has Shijiazhuang as its provincial capital. Under the jurisdiction of the States of Zhao and Yan almost throughout the Warring States Period, Hebei gained its name of Yanzhao. Located in northern China, Hebei lies to the north of the Zhang River, borders on the Bohai Sea to the east, and almost encircles Beijing and Tianjin completely. The province, covering an area of 188,800 km2, extends westward into the Taihang Mountains, and has the Yan Mountains and Zhangbei Plateau to the north in its northern part, with the Hebei Plain constituting its remaining part. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

H ebei, Ji for short, has Shijiazhuang as its provincial capital. Under the jurisdiction of the States of Zhao and Yan almost throughout the Warring States Period, Hebei gained its name of Yanzhao. Located in northern China, Hebei lies to the north of the Zhang River, borders on the Bohai Sea to the east, and almost encircles Beijing and Tianjin completely. The province, covering an area of 188,800 km2, extends westward into the Taihang Mountains, and has the Yan Mountains and Zhangbei Plateau to the north in its northern part, with the Hebei Plain constituting its remaining part.

H ebei shares borders with Shandong and Henan to the southeast and to the south, respectively, with Shanxi to the west along the Taihang Mountains, with Inner Mongolia to the northwest, and with Liaoning to the northeast. There are 11 prefecture-level cities, including Shijiazhuang, Tangshan, and Handan, with Shijiazhuang as its capital. Hebei is the only province that possesses all the major types of terrain, i.e., plateau, mountain, hill, plain, lake, and coast. Hebei is a major producer of grain and cotton in China. Located in China’s Central Plains, Hebei boasts extensive and profound culture heritage and it is a region that has given birth to a multitude of heroes in Chinese history, as a popular saying that has been passed down from ancient times goes that “Yanzhao” is a region where legendary heroes emerge in large numbers. Hebei is a major Chinese province in terms of cultural relics.

I n fact, there are currently 168 National Key Cultural Sites across the province, which has earned Hebei a third place among all Chinese provinces. Specifically, Baoding, the most cultural relic-rich city in Hebei, has 47 such sites. Handan, Baoding, Chengde, Shanhai Pass, and Zhengding are the five National Famous Historical and Cultural Cities of Hebei. Among Hebei’s famous cultural relics are Baoding Daci Pavilion, Zhili Provincial Governor Office, Qingxi Mausoleum, Mancheng Han-Dynasty Mausoleum, Dingzhou Pagoda, the archaeological site of the city of the king of the State of Zhao, Handan Congtai, Nüwa Temple in She County, the Former Site of the 129th Division in She County, Jingzhou Pagoda (Stupa in Jing County), Northern Qi Dynasty Gao Graves, Qingdong Mausoleum in Tangshan City, Iron Lions in Cangzhou City, Zhaozhou Bridge, Longxing Temple in Zhengding County, and Bian Que Temple in Neiqiu County.

A t present there are 5 National 5A Level Scenic Spots in Hebei, namely Xibaipo Scenic Spot, Baiyangdian Lake Scenic Spot in Anxin County, Yesanpo Scenic Spot in Laishui County, Shanhai Pass Scenic Spot, and Mountain Resort in Chengde City. Other famous scenic spots include the Hengshui Lake National Natural Reserve, Xingtai Grand Canyon, and the Former Site of the 129th Division in She County.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

L ocated within the eastern longitude range of 113?04′ to 119?53′ and the northern latitude range of 36?01′ to 42?37′ in northern China, Hebei lies to the north of the Zhang River, borders on the Bohai Sea to the east, and almost encircles Beijing and Tianjin completely. The province, covering an area of 188,800 km2, extends westward into the Taihang Mountains, and has the Yan Mountains and Zhangbei Plateau to the north in its northern part, with the Hebei Plain constituting its remaining part.

H ebei shares borders with Shandong and Henan to the southeast and to the south, respectively, with Shanxi to the west along the Taihang Mountains, with Inner Mongolia to the northwest, and with Liaoning to the northeast. There are 11 prefecture-level cities, including Shijiazhuang, Tangshan, and Handan, with Shijiazhuang as its capital. Hebei is the only province that possesses all the major types of terrain, i.e., plateau, mountain, hill, plain, lake, and coast.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

L ocated in a warm temperate monsoonal climatic zone, Hebei has a semi-humid, semi-arid continental monsoonal climate that features four decidedly distinct seasons in a year. It is cold and snowy in winter and hot and rainy in summer; it is windy and dusty in spring and the sky is clear and the air is crisp in autumn. The annual average temperature ranges between 4C? and 13C? across the province, with the average monthly temperature dropping to as low as -4-2C? in January and climbing to as high as 20-27C? in July. The temperature generally drops gradually as you go from northwest to southeast. In general, there is a relatively large change in temperature from day to day and from year to year in any given region within the province. The annual number of frost-free days is 110~220. The annual average precipitation varies greatly with the region across the province, and it also varies greatly from year to year. The annual average precipitation normally ranges between 400 mm and 800 mm. Two rainy regions are formed around the southern foot of the Yan Mountains and on the windward slope on the east side of the Taihang Mountains. Zhangbei Plateau is more inland than anywhere else in Hebei and the precipitation there is normally less than 400 mm.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

T here are 7 National Key Scenic Spots, 5 National Famous Historical and Cultural Cities, 6 Provincial Famous Historical and Cultural Cities, 1 Chinese Famous Historical and Cultural Town, 1 Chinese Famous Historical and Cultural Village, 165 National Key Cultural Sites (including the Great Wall and the Hebei section of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal), and 670 Provincial Cultural Sites. Cangzhou and Wuqiao are a land of martial arts and acrobatics respectively in China.

A lmost any acrobatic troupe in China has people from Wuqiao, and Wuqiao biennially holds the China Wuqiao International Circus Festival, in which acrobatic troupes from over 20 countries participate. Yongnian County is one of the cradles of Tai-chi Chuan. Cangzhou is a land of martial arts where many forms of martial arts like Baji Boxing originated from. Bailin Temple in Shijiazhuang, Linji Temple and some other temples in Hebei Province are some of the birthplaces of Zen Buddhism. Moreover, Yangko, Jingxinglahua, Sixian Opera, Xihe drum, Wuqiang Spring Festival Painting, and many others are art forms included in the National Intangible Cultural Heritage List that are circulated in Hebei. Mancheng Han-Dynasty Mausoleum is the tomb of Zhongshanjing Monarch Liu Sheng, the ancestor of Liu Bei, the founding emperor of the Kingdom of Shu during the Three Kingdoms Period.

A mong those unearthed from the mausoleum are the “Jade Clothes Sewn with Golden Thread,” the first of its kind for China, and the famous “Changxin Palace Lantern”. Hebei is also the homeland of Hebei clapper opera and Pingju.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

J ust as the flavor a tourist gets from touring Hebei varies with the season in which he does it, so the perfect time for making a tour varies with the region in the province where he is to do it. Qinhuangdao is an ideal summer resort with a mild climate, where it is pleasantly humid all year round and cool in summer. Places in the city such as Beidaihe and Nandaihe have sunny springs, crisp autumns, warm winters, and cool summers. The best time to visit them is from May to October, while for other attractions in Qinhuangdao the best time falls between June and August. To watch birds, spring and autumn are the best seasons. Chengde, as a famous scenic spot, remains beautiful throughout its four distinct seasons. Chengde, located in northern Hebei, is cool in summer while other parts of the province are enduring scorching hot. It is cold in winter, but as it is surrounded by mountains and the cold wind is stopped outside, it is warmer than other places at the same latitude. Visitors can comfortably enjoy the beauty of the wind and snow here. Chengde is at its most beautiful from April to October, but if you want to have a trip to Bashang Highland, the best period will fall between July and August, when the highland is filled with wild flowers and permeated with bracing air and morning fog. From September to October, visitors can enjoy the spectacular scenery of the mountains full of red leaves in the Mulan Hunting Ground.

CULTURE