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HAINAN
海南

L ocated in the southernmost of China, Hainan Province is China’s second largest island, only secondary to Taiwan, facing Guangdong Province across the Qiongzhou Strait in the north, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam across Beibu Gulf in the west, Taiwan Province across the South China Sea in the east, and the Philippines, Brunei and Malaysia across the South China Sea in the southeast and south. In 1988, Hainan became China’s fifth special economic zone, covering the reefs and waters of Hainan Island, Xisha Islands, Zhongsha Islands and Nansha Islands. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

L ocated in the southernmost of China, Hainan Province is China’s second largest island, only secondary to Taiwan, facing Guangdong Province across the Qiongzhou Strait in the north, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam across Beibu Gulf in the west, Taiwan Province across the South China Sea in the east, and the Philippines, Brunei and Malaysia across the South China Sea in the southeast and south. In 1988, Hainan became China’s fifth special economic zone, covering the reefs and waters of Hainan Island, Xisha Islands, Zhongsha Islands and Nansha Islands. Located at the northern edge of tropical zone, and boasting a tropical monsoon climate, Hainan is known as the “big natural greenhouse”, characterized by long summer, sufficient light and heat, and huge photosynthetic potential. Free from winter’s cold, and enjoying numerous evergreen plants and fresh air, Hainan is not only “an ideal destination to return to nature, and an unspoiled island of longevity”, but also a swimming resort in winter and a paradise of tourism and shopping. Hainan is also rich in unique tourism resources, mainly including: 1. Coastal landscape: 50% to 60% of 1,528 km-long coastlines are sandy beaches with a width of several hundred to several thousand meters, a gradually extending sea-surface slope of 5 degrees, and there are calm and clear water in most places, soft white sand and green trees on the shore, fresh air and mild seawater with the temperature ranging from 18℃ to 30℃, sufficient and bright sunshine. Here visitors can plunge themselves into bathing, sunbathing, sand bathing and breeze bathing at anytime around the year. 2. Mountains and tropical primitive forests: On the Hainan Island, there are 81 rolling, strange and breath-taking peaks with an elevation exceeding 1000 m above sea level, including Wuzhi Mountain (Five Finger Mountain) with its jagged top in the finger-like shape, and magnificent Yingge Mountain.

T he mountains with strong characteristics can be found in the dense tropical primitive forests and representing them are the 4 tropical forests, namely, Jianfeng Ridge in Ledong County, Bawang Mountain in Changjiang County, Diaoluo Mountain in Lingshui County and Wuzhi Mountain in Qiongzhong County with the first one as the most mountain. 3. Rare birds and animals: In order to protect the biodiversity, Hainan has established a number of nature reserves and wildlife domestication farms, including Black Crested Gibbon Conservation Area of Bawang Mountain in Changjiang County, Datianpo Deer Conservation Area in Dongfang County, Dazhou Island (Swiftlet) Conservation Area in Wanning City, and Macaque Conservation Area of Nanwan Peninsula in Lingshui County. 4. Rivers, waterfalls, reservoirs: Dotted with beaches and ponds, the winding and clear rivers like Nandu River, Changhua River, Wanquan River create numerous tourist attractions, with famous “Wanquan River Scenery” as the best. Creeks and streams in deep mountains flow through the forests. 5. Volcanoes, caves and hot springs: Volcanic eruptions in history have left multiple dead craters on Hainan Island. The most famous one is the Shuangling Ridge of Shishan Mountain in Qiongshan City, with an elevation of more than 200 m above sea level, on which 2 craters are located connected by a concave ridge, forming the shape of a saddle, hence its nickname Saddle Ridge. Its adjacent Leihu Ridge Crater and Luojingpan Crater are well preserved. Hainan also abounds with multiple karst caves, with famous ones such as Luobi Cave in Sanya City, Qianlong Cave in Baoting County and Huangdi Cave in Changjiang County. Besides, widespread here are numerous hot springs characterized by low mineralization, high temperature, vast water area, sound water quality, mostly therapeutic hot springs with elegant surroundings.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

L ocated in the southernmost of China, Hainan Province is China’s second largest island, only secondary to Taiwan, facing Guangdong Province across the Qiongzhou Strait in the north, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam across Beibu Gulf in the west, Taiwan Province across the South China Sea in the east, and the Philippines, Brunei and Malaysia across the South China Sea in the southeast and south. With a total area of 35,000 square kilometers and a sea area of about 2 million square kilometers, Hainan Province consists of Hainan Island, Xisha Islands, Zhongsha Islands, and Nansha Islands.

S haped like an oval pear from northeast to southwest, Hainan Island has an area (not including satellite islands) of 33,900 square kilometers, ranking second in China, just second to Taiwan Island. Qiongzhou Strait between Hainan Island and Leizhou Peninsula, Guangdong Province is about 18 nautical miles, and Zengmu Reef in Nansha Islands is China’s southernmost territory, making Hainan a province with the largest cross-latitude.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

L ocated in the northern edge of the tropics, Hainan Island has a tropical monsoon climate, known as a “natural greenhouse”, and features long summer and negligible winter, an average annual temperature of 22℃ – 27 ℃, accumulated temperature greater than or equal to 10℃ of 8200 ℃, temperature in the coldest January of 17℃ – 24℃, annual sunshine of 1750 hours to 2650 hours, a sunshine rate of 50% to 60%, adequate light and heat and high photosynthetic potential. Hainan Island is characterized by early spring, rapid warming, large diurnal temperature range, being frost-free, warm winter, annual 3 crops, and vegetables all the year round. It is an ideal center for species breeding in South China. Hainan has sufficient rainfall, an annual rainfall of 1000 mm to 2600 mm, average annual rainfall of 1639 mm, obvious sufficient and insufficient wet seasons. The former is May to October, with a total precipitation of about 1500 mm, accounting for 70-90% of total annual precipitation, consisting of frontal rain, thunderstorms and typhoon rain. The latter is from November to next April, with a precipitation accounting for only 10 to 30% of annual precipitation, and often witnessing droughts.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

L i people in Hainan Province worship ancestry and nature, believing in “animism”. In most cases, they stay together by surnames. In the past, Brides used not to stay at the homes of the grooms. Li women wore edge-to-edge and button-less blouses and tube skirts, and pullover blouses in certain places, with their hair tied behind with bone tubes. They also wore embroidered scarves, earrings, necklaces and bracelets. Li brocade is a unique figured cloth handmade by hardworking Li people with cotton taken from the kapok. Originally called “Jibe” cloth, it is “China’s first cotton textile”, gaining popularity since the Spring and Autumn Period. Products of Li brocade generally include skirts, scarves, flower belts, wrapping tapes, bed sheets, and quilts, with the ancient “Yazhou Quilt” as the most famous.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

H ainan is suitable for tour all the year round with January and February as the best season when it is warm in Hainan especially Sanya and cold in all the rest places. In October, Hainan frequently encounters continuous heavy rain. It is proper to have general tours in May and June, or October and November, when it is neither too cold nor too hot, and best suitable for diving. In July, August and September, it is too hot, with a temperature of 35℃, subject to heat stroke and sunburn. Friends expecting less consumption are recommended to tour in summer and around National Day which witnesses shoulder season in Sanya tour with fewer tourists and relatively inexpensive hotels. September before National Day witnesses steady prices in Sanya, rational hotel prices. National Day witnesses the peak. The period after National Day witnesses a sharp decline, the best prices. Festivals often witness a large amount of tourists and difficult hotel booking. It is recommended for tourists favoring a clean environment and lower prices to avoid the peak. Students should have Hainan tour in off-season so as to save a lot of money.

CULTURE