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GUIZHOU
貴州

G uizhou Province, also called “Qian” or “Gui” for short, is located in the southeast part of Southwest China, bordering Hunan Province to the east, Guangxi Province to the south and Yunnan Province to the west and Sichuan Province and Chongqing City to the north. Endowed with rich natural materials, Guizhou Province enjoys a bright prospect for development. Guizhou gained its name as early as in Song Dynasty. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

G uizhou Province, also called “Qian” or “Gui” for short, is located in the southeast part of Southwest China, bordering Hunan Province to the east, Guangxi Province to the south and Yunnan Province to the west and Sichuan Province and Chongqing City to the north. Endowed with rich natural materials, Guizhou Province enjoys a bright prospect for development. Guizhou gained its name as early as in Song Dynasty. In A.D. 974, Pugui, the indigenous lord of clan yielded to the emperor of Song Dynasty along with the land under his control – namely Juzhou, the predecessor of today’s Guizhou Province. According to Command Paper of Song Dynasty, “only Guizhou is located in place far away from the court’s territory”, which stands as the earliest written record of Guizhou in its current name. In the 11th Year under the Reign of Yongle Emperor of Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1413), Chengxuan Buzheng Shi (administrative commissioner) was designated to Guizhou by the court. Consequently, Guizhou was formally recognized as a province with its current name. The officials of Xuanwei Si (pacification superintendency) in Feisi State and Sinan State were removed from office, while national minority hereditary headmen in Shuidong and Shuixi states still remained in office yet subject to the leadership of newly appointed Buzheng Shi. In the 5th year under the Reign of Yongzheng Emperor of Qing Dynasty (A.D. 1727), Zunyi Prefecture originally belonged to Sichuan Province, together with Libo Prefecture as well as Hongshui River and upper region of Nanpan River previously governed by Guangxi Province, and Pingxi and Tianzhu prefectures previously administered by Hubei and Hunan provinces were also put under Guizhou’s administration. Meanwhile, Yongning State, which formerly fell into the jurisdiction of Guizhou, was transferred into the territory of Sichuan.

A s home to many harmoniously-coexisting ethnic groups for thousands of years, Guizhou gave birth to a colorful culture unique in the nation. The “garden-like” province is abundant with breathtaking sceneries, acclaimed as an ideal destination for leisure and vacation tours. With great potentials untapped, Guizhou is a scenic land with rich natural resources and a pleasure climate, where multiple ethnical groups lead a happy life harmoniously. Guiyang, the capital city of Guizhou, is dubbed as “the Summer Resort Capital” thanks to its extremely comfortable climate in scorching summer. The old saying of “Guizhou, a land comprised by eighty percent of mountain, ten percent of water and ten percent of field” is the vivid demonstration of Guizhou’s plateau-mountain-dominated topography. Guizhou is proud for its world renowned Huangguoshu Waterfall, national-grade scenic spots like the Dagon King’s Palace, Chishui, Zhijin Cave, Malinghe Gorge, and national-grade natural conservation areas like Tongren Fanjing Mountain, Maolan Karst Forest, Chishui National Cyathea Natural Conservation Area, and Grass Sea in Weining. Red Army’s Long March relics, as represented by the Site of Zunyi Conference, the historical remains of Red Army’s four attempts to force its way across highly-guarded Chishui River by enemies, are places for people to pay a tribute to those who sacrifice their own lives for a liberated new China. Besides, Libo Karst Aquatic Forest and Chishui Danxia Landform have been included into List of World Natural Heritage Sites.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

G uiyang is the capital city of Guizhou. Sitting in the southeast part of Southwest China, Guizhou is adjacent to Hunan to the east, Guangxi to the south, Yunnan to the west, and Sichuan and Chongqing to the north. Guizhou’s western areas stand higher than its eastern counterpart. Guizhou’s terrain starts to incline downwards from its middle part along northern, eastern and southern directions. The average elevation of Guizhou is around 1,100 meters.

G uizhou features four basic landforms, namely, plateau, mountainous area, hill and basin. The old saying of “Guizhou, a land comprised by eighty percent of mountain, ten percent of water and ten percent of field” is the vivid demonstration of Guizhou’s plateau-mountain-dominated topography. Guizhou is the sole province in the nation where plateau is rarely seen.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

G uizhou has a subtropical moist monsoon climate, featured by warm and moist days. Without dramatic temperature fluctuation, Guizhou boasts pleasant temperature all the year round. Its summer is cool and winter mild. Take 2002 for instance, the capital city Guiyang recorded an average temperature at 14.8℃, up by 0.3℃ than the previous year. As far as the whole province is concerned, the average temperate in the coldest month (January) is between 3℃~6℃, higher than other regions also staying at the same latitude; while the average temperate in the hottest month (July) is around 22℃~25℃, indicating a typical cool summer weather. Due to rich precipitation and obvious rainy season, Guizhou is dominated by cloudy days with less sunshine. As influenced by monsoon, precipitation mainly takes place in summer days in Guizhou. Cities in Guizhou usually have more than 150 cloudy days per year, with perennial relative humidity staying above 70%. Influenced by various atmospheric circulations and topographies, Guizhou has diverse weather across different cities, thus giving rise to the saying that “one mountain demonstrates four seasons at different heights, places only 10 li apart have different weather.”

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

G uizhou Dong Minority Grand Chorus has an over 2000-year-long history with its origin traced back to the Warring State Period. Highly unique in terms of music melody, singing skill, performance manner, and performance occasion, Guizhou Dong Minority Grand Chorus is quite different from other folk songs observed in both China and other countries in the world. In short, it is a chorus genre featuring multiple patterns of mixed singing, as one leading singer cooperates with other singers responsible for multiple-voice singing.

T his is rarely seen in any other folk music. In addition to being a unique art and music form, Guizhou Dong Minority Grand Chorus has played an important role in spreading and conveying Dong Minority’s traditional culture and ethic spirit. It is the most direct way of expression for time-honored Dong Minority civilization. Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage under UNESCO noted that Guizhou Dong Minority Grand Chorus, which has been selected into UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, is “the voice and the culture of one ethnic group”.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

F or your trip to Guizhou, to learn the primitive folk customs here is first priority for you. So, you had better come here on folk festivals. For festivals, Spring Festival, Double Third Festival before spring ploughing, Double Sixth Festival after summer harvest, Dragon Boat Festival after autumn harvest are most colorful ones with strongest local folk festival flavors. For sightseeing of natural wonder, July and August are best seasons. Guiyang, the city dubbed “the Capital of Summer Resort”, is best place for you to spend a comfortably cooling season. Guizhou’s best tourism season with excellent wealth will come after the Beginning of Autumn and starts from the last ten day of August. 1. Guizhou turns out to be one ideal choice no matter you want to be away from summer hot or winter chill. However, climate in this plateau province is not so stable. It is rainy and wet. Take the old saying of “do not expect three straight sunny days in Guizhou” as a tour tip, you had better carry an umbrella with you whenever you go outside there. 2. Guizhou has cold morning and night. This will get more apparent in rainy days. Temperature in tourist attractions is normally lower than that in other places. So, an anti-wind coat will help you a lot when you travel across Guizhou. 3. Situated in Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, Guizhou is exposed to strong ultraviolet rays. So, good sun block measure is a must.

CULTURE