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GUANGDONG
廣東

G uangdong is also called “Yue” for short. As a coastal province located at the southern end of mainland China, Guangdong lies to the south of the Nan Mountains, borders on the South China Sea to the south, shares borders with Hong Kong, Macao, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Fujian, and faces Hainan across the sea. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

G uangdong is also called “Yue” for short. As a coastal province located at the southern end of mainland China, Guangdong lies to the south of the Nan Mountains, borders on the South China Sea to the south, shares borders with Hong Kong, Macao, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Fujian, and faces Hainan across the sea. Guangdong has abundant land and water resources, and is located in a region along the Pearl River that is referred to as the Pearl River Delta, which has long been known as a “Land of Rice and Fish” in southern China and ranks among a few regions in the world that hold some of the largest metropolises in the world. The unique culture typical of the region south of the Five Ridges (Lingnan for short) runs deep in all aspects of life, including language, custom, and history, in Guangdong, and differs significantly from the culture of northern China. In Guangdong there are 3 major population groups, which number over 100 million, including over 1 million foreigners. Its economic output accounts for one-eighth of the national total, surpassing that of Singapore, Taiwan, or Hong Kong. As the largest Chinese province in terms of economical output, Guangdong has already developed into the province with the largest population, the largest economic scale, the greatest comprehensive economic strength, the greatest financial strength, and the most open culture. Guangdong dates back to ancient times.

I n fact, “Qujiang Maba Man” already lived and multiplied in and around Guangdong as far back as 130,000 years ago. Guangdong got its shortened name of Yue because it is believed to be a region where Baiyue (Yue for short), a collective name for various peoples that lived in southern China in ancient times, lived and multiplied in ancient times. After unifying China, Emperor Qin Shi Huang set up Nanhai Commandery at Panyu, which is now part of Guangzhou, in the 33rd year of his reign (214 B.C.). Guangdong became part of the Jiaozhou region during the Han Dynasty. It belonged to the Wu Kingdom during the Three Kingdoms period. Together with Guangxi, Guangdong was made part of Lingnan Circuit, a political division also known as Mountain-South Circuit, during the Tang Dynasty. The Guangdong part of Lingnan Circuit was renamed Guangnan Circuit in 993 (the 4th year of the Chunhua period) during the Song Dynasty. A political division known as Guangdong Circuit was set up during the Yuan Dynasty. During the Ming Dynasty, a first-level office was set up for the governance of Guangdong Circuit but later renamed without changing its function. Guangdong was given its current name during the Qing Dynasty. Guangdong has played an important role in modern Chinese history thanks to the emergence into prominence there of numerous heroes and historical figures. Many events of historic importance occurred in Guangdong, including the Opium Wars, the Taiping Rebellion, the Hundred Days’ Reform, the Revolution of 1911, the Northern Expedition, the Canton-Hong Kong Strike, and the Guangzhou Uprising.

A nd a lot of historical figures also sprang up there, including Hong Xiuquan, Kang Youwei, Liang Qichao, Sun Yat-sen, and Ye Jianying, leaving us a lot of precious historical remains. Situated in a subtropical zone, Guangdong features a warm climate and bright sunshine and is suitable for tourism all the year round. There are abundant tourism resources of various types in Guangdong, where tourists with diverse interests can find what they want. When it comes to historical and archaeological sites, dinosaur eggs were unearthed in Nanxiong City, and there are the remains of “Maba Man,” an ancient people who lived over 100,000 years ago, in Qujiang County. In Guangdong there are 6 National-level Famous Historical and Cultural Cities, including Guangzhou, Foshan, Chaozhou, Meizhou, and Leizhou, each of which is unique and charming in its own way, as well as innumerable historical relics and sites. There are three National Key Scenic Spots, i.e. Xinghu Lake in Zhaoqing, Xiqiao Mountain in Nanhai, and Danxia Mountain in Shaoguan.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

A s a coastal province located at the southern end of mainland China, Guangdong lies to the south of the Nan Mountains, borders on the South China Sea to the south, shares borders with Hong Kong, Macao, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Fujian, and faces Hainan across the sea. Guangdong has abundant land and water resources, and is located in a region along the Pearl River that is referred to as the Pearl River Delta, which has long been known as a “Land of Rice and Fish” in southern China and ranks among a few regions in the world that hold some of the largest metropolises in the world.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

G uangdong Province is in the East Asia monsoon region, from north to south there are mid-subtropical climate, south subtropical climate and tropical climate. It is one of the places in China which has sufficient light, thermal and water resources. Northern Guangdong has the lowest average temperature, and it may even snow in winter; the Leizhou Peninsula in southern Guangdong has a tropical monsoonal climate and its annual average temperature is higher than that of any other city. Guangdong has abundant rainfalls. The average annual precipitation is about 1,300 mm to 2,500 mm, and the average precipitation in the province is about 1,777 mm. The spatial distribution of its precipitation shows that the southern area has more rainfall than the northern area. However, there are often natural disasters such as flood and drought, as well as typhoons. What’s more, the overcast and rainy days in spring with low temperature, the cold dew wind in autumn, and the cold wave as well as the frosting in the period from late autumn to early spring, are also the frequent disastrous weather in Guangdong Province. Situated in southern China, Guangdong is hot and rainy in summer and mild and dry in winter.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

G uangdong has an age-old yet remarkably unique culture that has split into several smaller branches, including Guangfu, Chaoshan, Hakka (or Kejia), and Heilufeng cultures. The Kaiping Diaolou, together with the related villages, became Guangdong’s first World Heritage Site. Chaoshan Shantang is a local charity deemed a model of China’s nongovernmental philanthropy, and Hakka enclosed houses are believed to be typical architecture that reflects the culture as changed by a Han Chinese people who migrated southwards in ancient times. Guangdong cuisine is one of China’s 8 major cuisines and is famous around the country. It is well liked even in Chinese communities overseas. Cantonese opera is a famous operatic art form in China, and lion and Yingge dances also are art forms with strong characteristics.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

I n Guangdong, the climate is fairly mild in winter and rather cool in summer, with the average temperature of 12℃ and 28℃ respectively. In summer and autumn, there will be many typhoons coming to Guangdong, and the average annual precipitation in the period from April to September is as much as 1,500 mm to 2,000 mm. Furthermore, the Pearl River Delta is an area known as “there is no snow in winter with flowers blossoming in all the year round”. The best time to travel in Guangdong is the period from October to March. There is no bitter coldness in Guangdong’s winter, but only short-time chillness. When the northern China is extremely cold and snowing heavily in January, the provincial capital of Guangdong, Guangzhou, known as the Flower City, is warm and sunny, and you will feel very comfortable there. When flowers blossom everywhere in winter and spring, it is also the best time for you to visit Guangzhou.

CULTURE