A s the capital city of the PRC (the People’s Republic of China), a municipality and a national central city, Beijing is viewed as China’s political, cultural, financial decision-making and management center where the government and NPC (National People’s Congress) are based. Beijing is one of the biggest cities and its impacts stretch around the globe. Adjoining Tianjin City and Hebei Province, Beijing is situated in the northwestern edge of North China Plain with Yanshan range on its back and Yongding River running through the southwestern corner. With a history of over 3000 years and a capital history of more than 860 years, Beijing, one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals in China, is noted not only for its 6 world heritages, ranking first in the list of world heritage owners, but also for its plentiful resorts, relics and cultural landscapes.
I n this prosperous tourism city, more than 200 resorts are accessible to visitors, such as the Forbidden City (the biggest imperial palace in the world), the Temple of Heaven (used for worship ceremony), Beihai Park, the Summer Palace, Badaling Great Wall, Mutianyu Great Wall, Simatai Great Wall, Prince Gong Mansion (the biggest quadrangle courtyard in the world). Beijing boasts for its 7,309 cultural relics and historical sites, among which there are 42 national heritage conservation units and 222 under city protection. In Beijing, Chinese scholar tree and platycladus orientalis are regarded as the city trees, while Chinese rose and chrysanthemum are the city flowers. In addition, Beijing is also widely well-known in the world for its traditional arts and crafts such as ivory carvings, jade carvings, Cloisonné and carpets.