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XIAN
西安

X i’an, called Chang’an or Jingzhao in ancient times, is one of the four famous ancient capitals of the world. It is located in one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization as well as one of the cradles of the Chinese people. It represents an outstanding miniature version of Chinese culture, and is the starting point of the Silk Road. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

X i’an, called Chang’an or Jingzhao in ancient times, is one of the four famous ancient capitals of the world. It is located in one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization as well as one of the cradles of the Chinese people. It represents an outstanding miniature version of Chinese culture, and is the starting point of the Silk Road. Xi’an’s status as an ancient capital is unparalleled in many ways, including as the place to have been used as a capital for the longest period of time in Chinese history, as the place to have functioned as a capital over the largest number of dynasties in Chinese history, and as the capital with the greatest influence.

S ome of the most powerful dynasties in Chinese history, including Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui, and Tang, chose Xi’an as their capital. In fact, 13 dynasties used Xi’an as a capital. Xi’an is among the first batch of cities proclaimed as “World Famous Historical Cities” by the UNESCO and among the first batch of National Famous Historical and Cultural Cities announced by the State Council. It is a world-famous tourist site and is popularly referred to as a “natural museum of history.” As the capital of Shaanxi Province, Xi’an nowadays is one of the six large cities in China known to each play a leading role in their respective regions, a center of knowledge and technological innovation in Asia, the leading city in the Chinese segment of the New Eurasian Land Bridge and in the Yellow River basin, and a jumbo jet manufacturing base of China.

S he city ranks third among all Chinese cities in terms of technological strength, only behind Beijing and Shanghai. In a plan released in 2011 by the State Council under the title of Results of Planning for Major Function Regions Nationwide, Xi’an is chosen as a “National History and Culture Base” and it is noted that efforts will be made to build Xi’an into an international metropolis.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

S ituated in the Guanzhong basin in the middle of Weihe River, Xi’an City lies within the east longitude range of 107°40’~109°49’and the northern latitude range of 33°42’~34°45’, facing Weihe River and Loess Plateau to the north and leaning against Qinling Mountains to the south. It is bounded by Linghe River and Bayuan Mountains in the north, linking up with Huaxian County, Weinan City, Shangzhou City, Luonan County;

B ounded by Taibai Mountains and Loess Tableland in Qinghua in the west, bordering Meixian County and Taibai County; reaches the major ridge of North Qinling to the south, sharing the boundaries with Foping County, Ningshan County and Zhashui County; reaches Weihe River to the north and crosses Weihe River to the Northeast, neighboring Xianyang’s downtown, Yangling District and such counties/cities as Sanyuan, Jingyang, Xingping, Wugong, Fufeng, and Fuping. The east-west length of jurisdictions is about 204 km and north-south width is about 116 km. The area is 9983 sq. km, in which the urban area is 1066 sq. km.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

T he plain region of Xi’an City has a warm temperate semi-humid continental monsoonal climate with 4 distinct seasons having obvious differences in temperature and humidity. The winter is cold with small wind, more fog, less sleet; the spring is warm and dry with more wind and changeable climate; the summer is hot with more rain, highlighted summer drought, more thunderstorm and strong wind; the autumn is nice and cool with sharp temperature drop and typical autumn rain. The annual average temperature is 13.0?C~ 13.7?C, the average temperature of January, the coldest month, is -1.2?C~ 0.0?C, the average temperature of July, the hottest month, is 26.3?C~ 26.6?C, the annual extreme low temperature is -21.2?C (Lantian, December 28, 1991), the annual extreme high temperature is 43.4?C (Changan, June 19, 1966). The annual precipitation is 522.4~ 719.5 mm, increasing progressively from north to south. The two obvious precipitation peak months are July and September. The annual sunshine duration is 1646.1~ 2114.9 hours. The annual prevailing wind direction varies from place to place: northeaster in downtown Xi’an, west wind in Zhouzhi and Huxian, east wind and northeaster in Gaoling and Lintong, southeaster in Chang’an, and northwester in Lantian. The meteorological disasters include drought, continuous rain, rainstorm, flood, urban inland inundation, hail, gale, dry-hot wind, hyperthermia, thunderbolt, dust storm, heavy fog, haze, cold wave, frozen injury.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

A n ancient stretch of land to which history once brought immeasurable glory, Xi’an has already grown into a modern city where mechanical, electronic, electrical, aerospace, and light industries rank high among its long list of industries, and there are over 500 research institutions and over 40 colleges, which features a flourishing economy and a beautiful, tidy, civilized environment.

T hese amazing facts have helped to produce a group of tourist resources and products that together paint a general picture of Xi’an’s achievements during its modern social development. This makes Xi’an’s tourism all the more attractive.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

X i’an City’s highlights are cultural relics and historic sites; the weather in spring and autumn is optimal without winter’s coldness and summer’s sunlight exposure. Therefore, the peak tourist seasons in Xi’an are spring and autumn. And due to the high temperature and strong ultraviolet in summer, long-time outdoor touring under the blazing sun may easily result in heat stroke and confront with rainy day from time to time, so it would be better to visit the vicinity of Xi’an in the shade of trees from the sun; Xi’an has a drier climate than southern China, so it is necessary for tourists to drink enough water during a tour of Xi’an to prevent dehydration, properly apply cosmetics to keep skin moist, and prepare wet tissue to prevent skin injury. Sometimes, sand and dust weather may occur in spring and tourists shall pay attention to weather conditions in advance and not travel outside in such weather.

CULTURE