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SUZHOU

S uzhou, one of the megalopolises in East China, which is listed among the first batch of historic and cultural cities, is one of China’s ten major tourist cities. Located in the Yangtze River Delta, it is located in the southeastern part of Jiangsu Province, called Wu County in ancient times. The ancient city of Suzhou was first built during the reign of King He Lu of Wu State in 514 B.C. over 2,500 years ago. As Mount Gusu stands southwest of the city, the city was renamed as “Suzhou” in the fifth year of region of Emperor Wen of Sui (589). Suzhou has a long history and gathering of talents. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

S uzhou, one of the megalopolises in East China, which is listed among the first batch of historic and cultural cities, is one of China’s ten major tourist cities. Located in the Yangtze River Delta, it is located in the southeastern part of Jiangsu Province, called Wu County in ancient times. The ancient city of Suzhou was first built during the reign of King He Lu of Wu State in 514 B.C. over 2,500 years ago. As Mount Gusu stands southwest of the city, the city was renamed as “Suzhou” in the fifth year of region of Emperor Wen of Sui (589). Suzhou has a long history and gathering of talents. The city is world famous as “Paradise in the heaven, Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth”, and it boasts of the renowned “classical gardens of Suzhou” as the “finest gardens of Jiangnan”, so attractive with its bridges and flowing water. Suzhou is one of the important sub-center cities in the northern part of the Yangtze River Delta. As a highly modernized city, Suzhou is a key economic, foreign trade, commercial and industrial center of Jiangsu as well as the hub of culture, art, education and traffic. It is also the most economically vigorous city of China as the National Sanitary City, National Environmental Protection Model City and National Civilized City.

F rom 3rd to 6th century, Nanjing had become the economic and cultural center of south China. After the 7th to 10th century, Chinese economic center moved southward, hence the saying “the economy of China depends on Jiangnan”. Then Yangzhou became an important hub for the communication of the south and north. After the 14th century to the middle of the 17th century, Suzhou had become the most prosperous city of industry and commerce and the cultural center in the nation, and places including Nanjing and Suzhou had become the birthplace of capitalism germination in China. In the late years of the 19th century, modern industries including silk weaving, silk reeling, textile, flour and coal mining had successively emerged in Wuxi, Suzhou and Changzhou, and the textile industry of Suzhou had enjoyed the world-known reputation. Jiangsu is endowed with not only rich tourism resources but also plenty of historic sites. Based on the Yangtze River, the Grand Canal, the Taihu Lake and the coast, Jiangsu has developed unique tourism resources of “taking the water as the major elements and being well-known for the mountain-water group”. The tourism attractions of Jiangsu include renowned tourist resorts such as the historical site of 6 dynasties, Classical Gardens of Suzhou, landscape of the Taihu Lake, Bamboo Sea of Yixing, historic relics of Qin and Han dynasties in Xuzhou, mountains and waters in the seaside city Lianyungang, plain landscape of Huai’an, beautiful scenes of water town Zhouzhuang. Not only abundant humanistic landscape resources but also magnificent natural landscape with the combination of mountains, rivers and the sky can be found in Jiangsu, Abundant tourism resources of mountains, rivers, holes and springs are available here.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

S uzhou is a city located in the middle of Yangtze River Delta and southeast of Jiangsu Province, at 119°55′E-121°20′E, 30°47′N-32°02′N, with Shanghai to the east, Wuxi City to the west, Zhejiang Province to the south, and the Yangtze River to the north. It covers a total area of 8,488.42 km2.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

S uzhou lies in the temperate zone and has a moderate northern subtropical monsoon climate with four distinct seasons. The city has sufficient rainfall and the average precipitation is 1,100 mm. In Suzhou, the average temperature is 15.7℃, with an average temperature of 2.5℃ in January, and 28℃ in July.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CULTURE

S uzhou leaves people an impression with its delicacy and gentleness, the self-owned vigorous and refreshing beauty. The time-honored gardens and ancient Chinese architectures are replete with the breath of old times. The well-known handicrafts, such as Suzhou embroidery, and carving of the Peach Blossom Castle, present this elegant, refined and graceful beauty on the silk and woodcut. This famous ancient city with a history of 2,500 years also cultivated the distinct and brilliant “Wu culture”. The old sayings like “Dreaming of the flowers and grasses in Suzhou”, and “Paradise in Heaven, Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth”, are handed down since ancient times. Nowadays, while maintaining the ancient culture and tradition, Suzhou is also dedicated to the cultivation of new culture.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

S uzhou is beautiful all the year round. The best season is spring. The time which is the least suitable for travel is around Qingming Festival which is the peak period of tomb sweeping with the flow of people not less than that in Golden Week holidays, so you’d better avoid this period. You can feel its unique charm only when there are few people. Starting from late January and early February, flowers contend in beauty in Suzhou and blossom successively until June, and Suzhou has different beauty in this period. Starting from February, various festivals like Xishan Plum Blossom Festival, Huqiu Flower Show, Yushan Mountain Flower Show, Zhuozheng Garden Azalea Show, Tulip Exhibition, Changshu Shanghu Lake Peony Show and Kunshan Viburnum Festival are held successively in Suzhou. Other festivals like Suzhou International Travel Festival, Water City Flower Fairy Festival and spring outing festivals in various ancient towns can add vitality to Suzhou. In warm and pleasant spring, everything wakes up with vitality in over 100 big and small gardens filling mountains and valleys with fragrance when it is sunny or rainy. How fascinating! In harvest autumn, Suzhou shows different charm. Fresh fruits and aquatic products are sold, making people water. Suzhou beer, Yangcheng Lake hairy crabs and fragrant Osmanthus fragrans satisfy people’s taste and smell to the maximum extent. When the old year is about to be over and the new year will begin, the bell in Hanshan Temple will ring, and listening to the bell in Hanshan Temple has become one of New Year praying activities for domestic and overseas people.

CULTURE