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GUANGZHOU
廣州

A s China’s third largest city, Guangzhou, or Sui for short, is situated in central southern Guangdong, and on the central northern edge of the Pearl River Delta. It is China’s southern gate, one of China’s central cities, an international metropolis, one of China’s 3 largest comprehensive portal cities, a famous port city in the world, one of China’s economic, financial, trade, shipping, and exhibition centers, the political, military, cultural, and science and education center in southern China, and one of China’s comprehensive transportation hubs. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

A s China’s third largest city, Guangzhou, or Sui for short, is situated in central southern Guangdong, and on the central northern edge of the Pearl River Delta. It is China’s southern gate, one of China’s central cities, an international metropolis, one of China’s 3 largest comprehensive portal cities, a famous port city in the world, one of China’s economic, financial, trade, shipping, and exhibition centers, the political, military, cultural, and science and education center in southern China, and one of China’s comprehensive transportation hubs.

I n fact, the city’s social, economic, and cultural influence even extends across Southeast Asia. Guangzhou began as a settlement over 2,000 years ago. It is a National-level Famous Historical and Cultural City, one of China’s earliest trading ports to engage in foreign trade, and one of the starting points of the Maritime Silk Road, which has earned the city a reputation as a “Thousand-year Business Metropolis.” Guangzhou is a place that typically represents Lingnan culture, as well as the place where Guangfu culture rose to prominence. As one of the major points through which China conducts foreign trade, Guangzhou hosts a lot of foreigners, hence the nickname of “Third Capital of the World.” In fact, it is the city to which the largest number of overseas Chinese is tied in China, and ranks among the “Beijing-Shanghai-Guangzhou trio.” Guangzhou has a moderate climate and stays green and beautiful throughout the year.

I t has long been labeled a “Flower City.” Guangzhou is known as one of China’s important tourism cities thanks to its favorable natural environment and its unique culture and custom associated with southern China. In 1996 Guangzhou officially selected 10 best scenic spots, which are Baiyueguan Ancestral Shrine, Yuntai Park, Wuyang Asgard–Zhenhai Tower, Xinhai Lights, World Sights, Lianhuaxiaoqing, Traveling East–Loving It, Xiguan Business Corridor, and Liuronghua Tower. Some other scenic spots include Sanyuanli, Huanghua Mound, Sun Yat-sen’s Memorial Hall, Baiyun Mountain, Yuexiu Mountain, Lizhi Bay, Guangxiao Tower, and Guang Tower.

T he “Eight Sights of Guangzhou” are “The Rising Sun above the Red Mausoleum” (Hong Ling Xu Ri), “Loyalty of Pearl River” (Hai Zhu Dan Xin), “Bird’s-eye View of Yuexiu Mountain” (Yue Xiu Yuan Tiao), “Misty Rain on Twin Bridges” (Shuang Qiao Yan Yu), “A Spring Sunrise above Dongshan Lake” (Dong Hu Chun Xiao), “Moonlight on Bai’etan” (E Tan Ye Yue), “Soughing of the Wind in the Pines on Baiyun Mountain” (Bai Yun Song Tao), and “Luogang Xiangxue”(Luo Gang Xiang Xue). As a unique-styled city, Guangzhou is where the essence of both Chinese and Western cultures merges, which has given rise to a special version of Lingnan culture in the city.

L ingnan culture is reflected in many respects, including Lingnan school of painting, Lingnan architecture, Lingnan gardening, Lingnan miniature gardening, Guangdong music, Cantonese opera, Cantonese cuisine, Cantonese, and Guangzhou’s urban landscape and living habits. Guangzhou is popularly known as a “Land of Fruits,” where litchi, banana, papaya, and pineapple, or the “top 4 fruits of Lingnan,” abound. After you have tasted these delicious fruits you will surely understand why “People will live in the Lingnan region forever if they can eat 300 litchi fruits every day,” as a popular saying goes. And Cantonese cuisine is also very delicious.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

G uangzhou is situated in southern China and central southern Guangdong, and on the central northern edge of the Pearl River Delta, belonging to the foothill area. It covers a total area of 7434.4 km2, and the area of the downtown is 3843.43 km2, The center of Guangzhou is located at latitude 23°16′32″N, longitude 113°15′53″E.

S tanding on the confluence of the West River, the North River and the East River, Guangzhou faces the South China Sea, with counties of Boluo, Longmen on the east, Sanshui, Nanhai and Shunde on the west. Qingyuan, counties of Fogang and Xinfeng stand on its north, and in the south are Dongguan and Zhongshan. Guangzhou also faces with Hong Kong and Macao across the sea. Being one of the starting points of Maritime Silk Road, Guangzhou owns a superior geographic location, and serves as China’s southern gate.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

S ituated on a subtropical coastal region with the Tropic of Cancer passing through the city but slightly south to its east-west centerline, Guangzhou has an oceanic subtropical monsoonal climate and features warm and rainy weather conditions, sufficient sunshine, a long summer, and a short frost season. Its annual average temperature is 20-22C?, its average relative humidity is 77%, and its annual precipitation is about 1720 mm. The lowest temperature since record keeping began is minus 0.3C? (which occurred on December 8, 1934), while the highest temperature is 39.1?C (which occurred on July 1, 2004). In the typical year, the period of April to June is the rainy season, it is hot from July to September, it is moderate in temperature in October, November, and March, and the period of December to February is the cold winter.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

G uangzhou’s culture dates back to ancient times. The aboriginal Yue people had already developed its culture even before Guangzhou emerged as a city. As the culture of China’s Central Plains was introduced after Guangzhou was established, its aboriginal culture gradually developed into a separate branch of Chinese culture, and flourished against a social backdrop of advanced levels of business and foreign trade.

A nd the cultural branch continued to innovate and develop under the influence of the gradual introduction of Western culture into Oriental culture and of the democratic revolution. Through exchanges and fusion with external cultures over a long period, Guangzhou’s culture has gradually developed into a highly locally-flavored one. Guangzhou was proclaimed a National-level Famous Historical and Cultural City by the State Council in 1982. The people of Guangzhou attach great importance to what they eat, and the food-related part of their culture is unique and well-known across China. “Eat in Guangzhou” is a testament to Guangzhou’s food culture.

G uangzhou’s food culture has 3 major features: The city’s food business is very advanced. At present in the city there are tens of thousands of food and catering businesses, most of which operate in “three snacks, two meals, one midnight snack” mode, thereby ensuring almost uninterrupted supply of food around the clock.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

S ituated on a subtropical coastal region with the Tropic of Cancer passing through the city but slightly south to its east-west centerline, Guangzhou has an oceanic subtropical monsoonal climate and features warm and rainy weather conditions, sufficient sunshine, a long summer, and a short frost season. Its annual average temperature is 20-22C?, its average relative humidity is 77%, and its annual precipitation is about 1720 mm. The lowest temperature since record keeping began is minus 0.3C? (which occurred on December 8, 1934), while the highest temperature is 39.1?C (which occurred on July 1, 2004). In the typical year, the period of April to June is the rainy season, it is hot from July to September, it is moderate+

CULTURE