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TIBET
西藏

L ocated in the southwest of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau with an average altitude of 4,000 meters, Tibet covers the major part of the Plateau and is crowned as the “roof of the world”. It has the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest, as well as the deepest canyon, Yarlung Zangbo Canyon. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

L ocated in the southwest of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau with an average altitude of 4,000 meters, Tibet covers the major part of the Plateau and is crowned as the “roof of the world”. It has the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest, as well as the deepest canyon, Yarlung Zangbo Canyon. Tibet borders Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province in the north, Sichuan Province in the east, Yunnan Province in the southeast, and the countries including Myanmar, India, Bhutan, Nepal in the south and west, making China share a border line of about 4,000km with the above countries. Tibet covers an area of 1.22 million square kilometers, nurturing a population of 2.8 million.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

T he Tibet Autonomous Region is located in the southwest border of China and the southwest of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Its longitude 78°25’to 99°06 east, and its latitude is 26°44’to 36°32’north. Tibet borders Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the north and Qinghai Province in the northeast, Sichuan Province in the east, Yunnan Province in the southeast, and such countries as Myanmar, India, Bhutan, Sikkim, Kashmir and other countries in the south and west, making China share a border line of about 4,000 km with the above countries and regions.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

T hin air, low air pressure, small oxygen content, strong solar radiation, long sunshine duration: Due to the high altitude of Tibet Plateau, thin air, small dust and moisture contents, and high transparency, little energy is lost when the sunshine goes through the atmosphere and so the radiation is strong. Tibet is the place in China that has the most solar radiation. Radiation in Lhasa is 195 kcal/cm2 ? year, while that in Chengdu of the similar latitude is only 88 kcal/cm2 ? year, and that of in Shanghai is 113 kcal/cm2 ? year. The sunshine duration in Tibet Plateau is also far more than the rest of China with the same latitude.

F or instance, the sunshine duration in Lhasa is 3,021 hours throughout the year while that is Chengdu is 1,186 hours and that in Shanghai is 1,932 hours. Low temperature, large daily temperature range: Due to the high altitude of Tibet Plateau, the temperature here is much lower than the Yangtze River region of the same latitude, and the daily temperature range is large. The year is divided into distinct dry season and rainy season: Under the alternate control of westerly wind in winter and southwest monsoon in summer, the boundary between the dry season and rainy season in Tibet is very clear. In general, October to the next April is the dry season, and May to September is the rainy season. Complex climate types, large vertical variation: Tibetan terrain features northwest high and southeast low.

T he altitude drops from about 5,000 meters to a few hundred meters. Therefore, the following climate types are available from southeast to northwest: tropical, subtropical, plateau temperate, plateau subfrigid, plateau frigid, etc. In southeastern Tibet and the mountain valley areas on the southern slope of the Himalayas, because the terrain is repeatedly increased, the temperature is gradually decreased, and the climate vertically changes from the tropical or subtropical to temperate, cold temperate and frigid regions. The saying “four seasons in one mountain and different weathers ten miles away” gets the most real manifestation here.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

T ibetan Buddhism, Bonism and folk religion are three major religions in Tibet. At present there are over 1,700 Tibetan?Buddhist?temples in Tibet Autonomous Region where 46,000 monks and nuns are practicing Buddhism; as to Bon temples, the number is 88 compared with over 3,000 monks, 93 living buddhas and 130,000 followers. Over a long period, Tibetan?Buddhism and Bonism have been mutually exclusive and opposing against each other, whereas their interactions and intercommunications are surprisingly profound, which has led to today’s mixed “Buddhism in Bonism” and “Bonism in Buddhism” situations. Apart from the theological belief, folk religion, to a certain extent, is still dominating among the?civilians especially in remote areas.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

A ugust to October is the best time for Tibet tour, and autumn is the best season for it, because this is the time when the climate in Tibet is the best and oxygen contents in the air are the most. In August, the temperature in Lhasa is generally 10.0 ℃ to 21 ℃, the temperature in Shigatse is 8 ℃ to 20 ℃, and the temperature in Nyingchi is 11 ℃ to 23 ℃; In September, the temperature in Lhasa is generally 7 ℃ to 20 ℃, the temperature in Shigatse is 5.0 ℃ to 19 ℃, and the temperature in Nyingchi is 9.0 ℃ to 21 ℃; In October, the temperatures in these places are 1.0 ℃ to 17 ℃, -2 ℃ to 16 ℃, and 4 ℃ to 18 ℃ respectively. In these months every year, the climate throughout Tibet is pleasant, and various forms of traditional folk culture and art festivals are also held during this period. During the Lhasa Yogurt Festival held in August each year (Gregorian calendar), tourists can enjoy excellent performances of Tibetan operas from all over Tibet, and can also visit the annual Buddha Painting Unfolding Festival held by Zhaibung Monastery which is one of the three major monasteries in Lhasa; in early August, the annual Qiangtang Kyagqen Horse Race Festival is held in the Naqu area; the ancient anti-British city Gyantse also holds the traditional Dharma Festival each year from the end of July to early August, which presents horse racing and archery competitions; the Ongkor Festival deriving from the expectations of Tibetan farmers for harvest is also held in August in the countryside throughout Tibet; in addition, the traditional Tibetan Bathing Festival is usually held in September (Gregorian calendar).

CULTURE