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NINGXIA
宁夏

L ocated along the “Silk Road”, Ningxia was once an important passageway of transportation and trade between West and East China in the history.Moreover, it also boasts of the ancient Yellow River civilization, as one of the places which the Yellow River flows through. As far back as 30000 years ago, traces of human beings had been found here. In 1028 A.D., Li Yuanhao, the leader of Dangxiang minority, founded the Western Xia Dynasty here and created the unique and brilliant Western Xia culture. Read More Below.


OVERVIEW

L ocated along the “Silk Road”, Ningxia was once an important passageway of transportation and trade between West and East China in the history.Moreover, it also boasts of the ancient Yellow River civilization, as one of the places which the Yellow River flows through. As far back as 30000 years ago, traces of human beings had been found here. In 1028 A.D., Li Yuanhao, the leader of Dangxiang minority, founded the Western Xia Dynasty here and created the unique and brilliant Western Xia culture. Lying between the north latitudes 35°14-39°23′and east longitudes 104°17′-107°39, Ningxia covers an area of 66,400 sq. km. It’s long from the south to the north with a distance of about 456 km and is short from the east to the west with a distance of about 250 km. Ningxia originates from the middle of the Yangtze River, which is 2 kilometers away from the north of Toudaokan of Shizuishan, in the north, and ends till the Zhongzuiliang Village of Jingyuan County on the Liupan Mountain in the south, and extends from the Logging Dam (Tianlaoba), which is 10 km away from the southwest of the Yingpanshui Railway Station in Zhongwei, in the west and terminates at the place 2 km away from the northeast of the Liushuliang Village of Yanchi County, in the east.

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY

N ingxia is lying between the north latitudes 35°14-39°23′and east longitudes 104°17′-107°39. It is one of China’s five autonomous regions. The capital is Yinchuan City. Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region lies in the upper reaches of the Yellow River. The distance from its northern point to the southern one is approximately 456 km and about 250 km from the east to the west. Its total area is 66,000 km2. The Autonomous Region borders Shaanxi Province to the east, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to the west and the north, and Gansu Province to the south. Since it is linked with the Central China on the east, western regions on the west, and the desert on the north, it has been the place of different nationalities for frequent exchanges from immemorial time.

OVERVIEWCLIMATE

CLIMATE

A s a secluded inland far from the sea, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region has a typical continental climate. The southern part (i.e., Guyuan, in the southern part) is a semi-arid area in the south temperate zone, the central part (from the north part of Guyuan to areas including Yanchi County and Tongxin County) is a semi-arid area in the mid-temperate zone, and the northern part (Yinchuan Plain) is an arid area in the mid-temperate zone. The average annual temperature here is between 5℃ and 9℃, with the highest and the lowest temperatures respectively found in the Ningxia Yellow River Irrigation Area and Guyuan City.

M oreover, the rain falls mostly in the summer, and the southern part has more rainfalls than the northern part. The average annual rainfall of semi-arid mountainous areas and that of Ningxia Yellow River Irrigation Area are respectively 400 mm and 157 mm.

GEOGRAPHYCULTURE

CULTURE

L ocated along the “Silk Road”, Ningxia was once an important passageway of transportation and trade between West and East China in the history. Moreover, it also boasts of the ancient Yellow River civilization, as one of the places which the Yellow River flows through. As far back as 30000 years ago, traces of human beings had been found here. In 1028 A.D., Li Yuanhao, the leader of Dangxiang minority, founded the Western Xia Dynasty here and created the unique and brilliant Western Xia culture. Ningxia is one of the birthplaces of Chinese ancient civilization. From the ruins human activities in Shuidonggou dating back to the Late Paleolithic Age in Lingwu City, it can be seen that human beings lived here as early as 30000 years ago. After unifying China, the First Emperor of Qin stationed troops to open up the wasteland in Ningxia, when the world-famous Great Wall of Qin Dynasty was constructed and Canals in Ancient China were dug and revamped at his order, thereby creating an irrigation history of the Yellow River.

CLIMATETOURIST SEASON

TOURIST SEASON

T he temperature of Ningxia is comparatively lower all over the year. So the period of the days from getting warm in late spring to becoming cold in early autumn, or from May to October, is the best tourism time in Ningxia. Especially in summer, the whole Ningxia is full of vigor but free from heat, which is popular in the eastern and southern parts of China. It is a good place to avoid summer heat and enjoy the sightseeing. The trees and grass begin to turn yellow in early autumn. When you look at the yellow plants connecting with pieces of extending deserts, the scene is really grand and magnificent. It truly shows the view that “a plume of smoke rises up into the dusk sky of the great desert, while the Yellow River reflects the round Sun going down”, which was described by an ancient Chinese poet. Ningxia is the agglomeration of the Hui people. The festivals and celebrations of the Hui people have their distinct features. The most important festival to the Hui people is not the Spring Festival, but the yearly major days such as the Eid al-Fitr, the Corban Festival, the Maulid al-Nabi, the Ashura Festival, the Fatimah Festival, and the al-Mi’raj. Among them, the Eid al-Fitr, the Corban Festival, and the Maulid al-Nabi are the three major traditional festivals to the Hui people. These festivals have the characteristics of being universal, stable and commemorative. Let’s take the Eid al-Fitr and the Corban Festival as examples. In these days, all the Hui people are enjoying the holidays no matter they are religious or not, living in urban or rural areas, adults or children. The events are so large that tourists feel that they are in an exotic religious world.

CULTURE